Recognizing and Managing Diabetes
Millions of Americans each year are diagnosed with some form of diabetes. For many people, the most recognized cases are Type 1 diabetes, commonly known as childhood-onset, juvenile, or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. However, Type 2 diabetes, also known as adult-onset or obesity-related diabetes is actually the most common, affecting 90 to 95% of the diabetes population in the United States. Gestational diabetes, which can occur during pregnancy, and pre-diabetes, which can occur before a person develops Type 2 diabetes, are also increasing among many Americans.
Recognizing diabetes symptoms in their onset and effectively managing diabetes in the long-term can help a person live a normal and productive life. A common symptom is frequent urination followed by frequent intake of water. Diabetics often wake up more than the normal one or two times a night to urinate. In advanced cases, fatigue, blurry vision, and numbness in the extremities may occur. If a person is diagnosed with diabetes, there are several ways to manage the disease. While many of these methods focus on insulin intake, exercise and dietary changes — especially for patients with Type 2 diabetes — can be effective in alleviating symptoms and improving overall health, as well reducing the chances of morbidities associated with the disease.